Crypturellus cinnamomeus Lesson, 1842, La Union, El Salvador.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Rufescent tinamou; French: Tinamou cannelle; German: Beschtinamu; Spanish: Tinamъ Canelo.
10.8 in (27.5 cm), 1 lb (440 g). Barred black on back and flanks; white throat and cinnamon or rufous cheeks and breast.
This tinamou, with nine subspecies, is widespread in Central America and has populations in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its
extends farther north than that of any other tinamou.
Thick undergrowth, with an overstory—a foliage layer in a forest canopy including the trees in a timber stand—ranging from arid scrub to secondary forest.
The monotonous call sounds like a steam whistle when heard at close quarters. The bird lives singly, in pairs, or in family parties. When disturbed it walks, rather than flies, away.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on fruit, seeds, and insects, searching for food in small parties that attract attention by crackling dry leaves as they feed.
The nest is placed on the ground at the base of a tree. The clutch is usually three, but may be up to seven glossy purplish eggs. Hybrids have been found between this species and the slaty-breasted tinamou.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Because it is so unwilling to fly, it is not regarded as an important game bird.
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