Pycnonotus zeylanicus Gmelin, 1789.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Straw-crowned bulbul; French: Bulbul б tкte jaune; German: Gelbscheitelbьlbьl; Spanish: Bulbul Bigotudo.
11.5 in (29 cm). Large bulbul with orange-yellow crown and cheek, white throat lined with black on top, and large bill. Whitish belly and orange rump, olive-green back and wings. Sexes alike. Juvenile duller with brownish head.
Sundaic range; Myanmar and Thailand through Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo.
Secondary forest and edge, near water, disturbed areas.
Found in pairs or family groups up to six birds. Have large territories designated by singing duets (male and female alternating). Very vocal, especially at dawn and dusk. Song a strong, clear, melodious warble.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mixed diet of insects, snails, fruits, and berries.
Little known, may breed year round. Nests of plant material often on boughs overhanging water. Both adults incubate eggs and care for young. Fledge 16 days.
Vulnerable. Listed on Appendix II of CITES. Highly prized caged birds; poaching and trapping has led to dramatic population declines and local extinction, habitat loss also a problem.
preservation offers some protection, but capture and trade still permitted in some areas.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Prized songbird worldwide. Known as maki boyah or “alligator bird” from its supposed habit of annoying “alligators,” and extending as far up the river crocodiles do.
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