Cinnyris gouldiae Vigors, 1831, Simla-Almora District, Himalayas. Four subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Mrs. Gould’s sunbird; French: Souimanga de Gould; German: Gouldnektarvogel; Spanish: Nectarina de la Gould.
4.3 in (11 cm), but male’s tail may be 1.75 in (4.5 cm) longer; male 0.23–0.28 oz (6.5–8.0 g), female 0.14–0.21 oz (4.0–6.1 g). A glossy purple head and tail; red back with two stripes to the bill on each side. Wings dull brown with yellow underparts and rump.
A. g. annamensis: southern Vietnam, southern Laos, and Thailand; A. g. dabryii: eastern Nagaland, west central and southern China, southeastern Tibet, Manipur, Myanmar; A. g. gouldiae: Himalayas from Sutlej Valley to Aruchanel Pradesh and southeastern Tibet; A. g. isolata: south of River Brahmaputra in northern Assam, Ngaland, Manipur, and south to Chittagong Hills and northwestern Myanmar.
Highlands. Coniferous forest, oaks, scrub jungle, and rhododendrons.
Energetic but shy.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Takes nectar from mistletoes and rhododendrons, and also eats insects and spiders. Drinks readily from pools.
Breeds as high as 14,000 ft (4,270 m). Clutch of two or three white eggs with small reddish brown marks laid mid-March to August. Nest oval and composed of grass, cobwebs, moss, fibers, and other vegetable matter, lined with down, and suspended from fern or low bush. In India parasitized by Asian emerald cuckoo (Chrysococcyx maculatus).
Not threatened; but uncommon.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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