Turdus cochinchinensis Gmelin, 1788, Cochinchina (Vietnam).
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Jerdon’s leafbird, yellow-headed leafbird, goldmantled chloropsis; French: Verdin а tкte jaune; German: Blauflьgel-Blattvogel; Spanish: Verdнn de Alas Azules.
6.5–7 in (16–17.5 cm). Most subspecific variation in family: head color varies from green to yellow and primaries may be blue or green. Distinctive blue outer tail and patch on cheek. Black throat patch in males.
Peninsular India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Assam, southern Yunnan, Myanmar, all of Indochina and the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, and smaller islands.
Favors groves and trees around villages and fields in India. Indonesian and Malaysian populations occur in woodland, and primary and tall secondary forest, up to 4,900 ft (1500 m).
Indian specimens are aggressive and territorial. Indonesian varieties are more social among other species, appearing singly or in pairs, sometimes in groups.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Enthusiastic nectar feeders, especially from red flowers, serving as major pollinators. Also eat insects and small fruits, especially mistletoe.
Monogamous. Breeding season more or less from April to August. Nest is a loose, shallow cup composed of fine plant material, plaster on the exterior with cobwebs. Two or three pinkish or creamy-white eggs with variously colored specks, blotches and hair-streaks.
Not threatened, but some southern subspecies are in areas of intense
loss. Species fairly popular in the cage bird trade.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Important pollinator of flowering trees, but may also spread mistletoe. Traditional caged songbird in India and other Asian countries. Significant international trade, especially in Sumatran yellow-headed subspecies.
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