Animals World

List of animals on letter C

Camel

Camel

Type of animal science: Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, conservation biology, developmental biology, ethology, physiology, reproduction science
Camels, the one-humped dromedary and the two-humped Bactrian, are well-adapted to the desert regions of Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia, where they are used for transport, milk, and meat. They can live without water longer than other large mammals.

Carnivore

Carnivore

Type of animal science: Anatomy, behavior, ecology, evolution
Fields of study: Anatomy, conservation biology, ecology, ethology, paleontology, wildlife ecology, zoology
Carnivores (literally, “flesh eaters”) are one of the most successful orders of mammals. Most species are endangered by human persecution and habitat destruction.

Cat

Cat

Type of animal science:Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, paleontology, physiology, wildlife ecology
The cat family contains some thirty-six extant species, usually grouped into four genera. They are native to every continent except Australia and Antarctica.

Cattle, Buffalo, and Bison

Cattle, Buffalo, and Bison

Type of animal science:Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, conservation biology, ethology, physiology, reproduction science, wildlife ecology
Cattle and buffalo are the major domesticated oxenlike animals in the world, while bison have never been domesticated, became nearly extinct, and have made a comeback in North America.

Centipedes and Millipedes

Centipedes and Millipedes

Type of animal science:Anatomy, classification, reproduction
Fields of study: Anatomy, invertebrate biology, zoology
Over twelve thousand species of the arthropods centipedes and millipedes are known. Centipedes are carnivorous, and millipedes are usually vegetarians.

Chameleon

Chameleon

Type of animal science: Anatomy, classification, reproduction
Fields of study: Anatomy, zoology
Chameleons, the family Chamaeleontidae, have long, sticky tongues to capture prey. Other unique characteristics include eyes that operate independently of each other, leaflike body shapes, ability to change skin color, zygodactyly, and prehensile tails.

Cheetah

Cheetah

Type of animal science: Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, behavior, physiology, reproduction
The fastest land mammals, cheetahs originated millions of years ago, before any of the other big cats, but are now an endangered species.

Chimpanzee

Chimpanzee

Type of animal science: Anatomy, behavior, classification
Fields of study: Anthropology, ethology, zoology
Two species of chimpanzees exist and are classified under the order Primates, an order of extreme physical variability and complexity. Chimpanzees are humans’ closest relatives and exhibit significant learned behaviors.

Chicken

Chicken

Type of animal science:Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, zoology
Chickens are probably the most numerous bird in the world.

Clams and Oysters

Clams and Oysters

Type of animal science:Anatomy, classification, ecology
Fields of study:Anatomy, ecology, marine biology, zoology
The category of clam is confusing, because there are some organisms found in freshwater or marine environments that are termed clams and some that are termed mussels. In sea water, fourteen marine organisms called clams are commercially valuable. Chief among these are the Atlantic surf clam and the ocean quahog. Scientists recognize twelve living genera of oysters but, as more studies are made by classification experts, the actual number may be slightly more or slightly fewer. In the United States, four species are commercially important, with the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, leading the list.

Coati

Coati

Type of animal science: Anatomy, classification, reproduction
Fields of study: Anatomy, zoology
Coatis are nocturnal omnivores.

Cockroach

Cockroach

Type of animal science:Classification
Fields of study: Entomology
There are more than 3,700 species of cockroaches, also called roaches. They are among the oldest insects, having a fossil record that dates back about 340 million years.

Coral

Coral

Type of animal science:Anatomy, classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, invertebrate biology, marine biology
Coral refers to a large group of marine invertebrates, class Anthozoa, in the phylum Coelenterata. Anthozoa form reefs, gorgeous coral bushes, and precious coral.

Coyote

Coyote

Type of animal science: Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, zoology
Coyotes are carnivorous mammals which belong to the Canidae family and share similar anatomical, behavioral traits with wolves and dogs.

Crabs

Crabs

Type of animal science:Anatomy, classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, invertebrate biology, marine biology
Crabs are joint-legged crustaceans of the phylum Arthropoda. Phylum characteristics include a chitinous exoskeleton, jointed appendages, a ventral nervous system, and a dorsal brain.

Crane

Crane

Type of animal science: Classification
Fields of study: Anatomy, conservation biology, physiology, population biology, wildlife ecology
Cranes are among the oldest of living bird groups, dating back sixty million years. Their interesting appearance, majestic flight, and unusual behavior characteristics have made them the subject of reverence and folklore around the world.

Crustaceans

Crustaceans

Type of animal science: Anatomy, classification, ecology, reproduction
Fields of study: Anatomy, ecology, invertebrate biology, marine biology, zoology
The twenty-five thousand species of crustaceans make up the class Crustacea. They are mainly aquatic arthropod animals which have jaws and two pairs of antennae. Examples are crabs, lobsters, and shrimp. Crustaceans are food for humans and whales and have useful ecological functions.

Crocodile

Crocodile

Type of animal science: Anatomy, behavior, classification, ecology, evolution, geography, physiology, reproduction
Fields of study: Anatomy, conservation biology, ecology, herpetology, paleontology, physiology, reproduction science, systematics (taxonomy), zoology
The Crocodilia, comprising twenty-three endangered species, are the last surviving reptilian group of the subclass Archosauria, which also includes the extinct dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and the stem group Thecodontia. Crocodilians are the closest living relatives of birds, and most species are highly endangered due to hunting and habitat destruction.

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